D - G
Early Middle Ages
in the history of Europe following the fall of the Western Roman
Empire and spanning roughly five centuries from 500 AD to 1000
AD. The Early Middle Ages were followed by the High Middle Ages.
The process of using
strong acid to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface
to create a recessed design in the metal.
A piece of plate
armour worn below a breastplate to protect the abdomen and hips.
It takes the form of bands of metal surrounding the hips in a
form similar to a very short skirt.
Elements of the
bard suspended from under the saddle in order to protect the
flanks of a horse between the peytral and crupper.
physical deployment of military forces.
A padded defensive
jacket, worn as armour separately or combined with (chain)mail
and typically worn over the mail.
Name used for
several different styles of glove. A gauntlet covers the wrist,
hand, fingers and forearms. Gauntlets exist in many forms
ranging from flexible fabric and leather gloves to (chain)mail
and fully-articulated plate armour.
The art of applying
a thin layer of gold to a surface.
Covered with a thin
layer of gold.
A polearm consisting
of a single-edged blade on the end of a pole.
A steel collar
designed to protect the throat. Later, particularly from the
18th century onwards, the gorget became primarily ornamental,
serving only as a symbolic accessory on military uniforms.
referring to German armour from about the late 1460's to the
1490's, it has come to be a term often used for 15th c. armour
Sections of mail
that covered parts of the body that were not protected by steel
Great bascinet, grand bacinet
large and very protective helm that rested entirely on the
shoulders and did not turn with the head, that typically had a
globose visor with a great number of breaths and vision slits.
It appears to have been invented possibly as early as the very
late 14th century for use in the tournament, and later was used
in the field in the first half of the 15th century, after which
it was entirely relegated to the tournament.
The handle of a sword.
The great helm of
the High Middle Ages arose in the late 12th century in the
context of the crusades and remained in use until well into the
14th century. They were used by knights and heavy infantry in
most European armies.
A piece of armour
that protects the leg below the knee. Derived from 12th century
French "greve" which means "shin".